3rd BIG&C Meeting

Alberto Lobo Room (ICE)

Alberto Lobo Room


Institute of Space Sciences Campus UAB Carrer de Can Magrans s/n 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès (Barcelona)
Carlos F. Sopuerta (Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC and IEEC)), Ivan Martin Vilchez (Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC)), Michele Lenzi (Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC)), Pablo Fernández de Alarcón Muguruza (Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC))
Carlos F. Sopuerta
    • 10:00 10:15
      Reception 15m

      Welcome to the 3rd BIG&G Meeting

    • 10:15 11:10
      The seeds of the first supermassive black holes 55m

      Quasars powered by supermassive black holes of 10^10 solar masses already existed at z~6-7, when the Universe was less than 1 Gyr old. Recently, the James Webb Space Telescope has started to detect supermassive black holes of 10^7 at even z~10. To reach this mass in such a short time, supermassive black holes should have started as seed black holes of 10^2-10^5 solar masses at z > 15. Such seed black holes could result from the death of the first generation of Population III stars or form either via runaway mergers in dense stellar clusters or via direct collapse of pristine gas, among other possibilities. While those seed black holes that did not grow could be found as leftover intermediate-mass black holes in globular clusters and dwarf galaxies in the local Universe, the detection of the early seeds will have to await the next generation of observatories such as the Einstein Telescope.

      Speaker: Dr Mar Mezcua (Institute of Space Sciences )
    • 11:10 11:40
      Coffee Break 30m

      Coffee Break at the ICE Patio

    • 11:40 12:15
      Inflationary gravitational wave background with LISA 35m

      I will discuss the current LISA Cosmology Working Group effort to initiate the first template-based analysis for Stochastic Gravitational Wave Background (SGWB) signals.

      After introducing a databank to describe well-motivated signals from inflation, prototype their template-based searches, and forecast the constraints on the model parameters, I will examine how the signal reconstructions shed light on fundamental physics models.
      I will also briefly comment on two related analysis with LISA on early universe phase-transitions
      and cosmic strings scenarios.

      Speaker: Dr Jacopo Fumagalli (Institute of Cosmos Sciences of the University of Barcelona (ICCUB))
    • 12:15 12:50
      Looking for ultra-light scalars with gravitational-wave observations 35m

      Ultra-light dark matter is an exciting alternative to the standard cold dark matter paradigm: it reproduces its large-scale (cosmological) predictions while solving most of its potential tension with small-scale (galactic) observations, like the "cusp-core" and "missing satellites" problems. If dark matter is made of some new ultra-light boson, dense structures are expected to form at the centre of galaxies (solitonic cores), or around compact objects (e.g., superradiant clouds, or DM spikes). These non-trivial environments may affect the sourcing and propagation of gravitational waves in compact binary coalescences, allowing near-future gravitational-wave observations to probe the nature of dark matter. In this talk, I will discuss some recent efforts on the modelling of black hole coalescences in ultralight dark matter environments: from numerical relativity simulations of mergers of equal-mass binaries to general-relativistic perturbative approaches to the evolution of extreme mass-ratio inspirals.

      Speaker: Dr Rodrigo Vicente (Institute of High Energy Physics (IFAE))
    • 12:50 14:30
      Lunch Break 1h 40m

      Lunch at one of the cantines of the UAB campus. We will indicate a few near the venue.

    • 14:30 15:25
      Search for continuous gravitational waves 55m

      Observing sources of, almost monochromatic, continuous gravitational waves (CWs) represents one of the next major goals in gravitational-wave astronomy. The primary source would be rapidly-rotating neutron stars (NSs) in our Galaxy, either isolated or in binary systems, which are characterized by a time-varying quadrupole deformation due to an asymmetry in their mass distribution. Due to the expected small degree of asymmetry of a NS, the search for this kind of signal is extremely challenging, and can be very computationally expensive when the source parameters are not known or not well constrained. CW detection from a spinning NS will allow us to characterize its structure and properties, making this source an unparalleled laboratory for studying several key issues in fundamental physics and relativistic astrophysics, in conditions that cannot be reproduced on Earth.
      In this talk we will give the motivation for, and describe, some searches for continuous gravitational waves using LIGO and Virgo data from the third observing run.

      Speaker: Prof. Alicia Sintes (University of the Balearic Islands (UIB))
    • 15:25 16:00
      Waveform modelling for current and future gravitational wave detectors 35m

      The talk reviews the goals and current status of the challenge to develop accurate models of gravitational wave signals, which can be used for matched-filter based data analysis in current and future gravitational wave detectors. I will highlight the main approaches to this problem, and discuss in some more detail the phenomenological waveforms program, which has produced waveforms that have been used by the LVK collaboration to analyse all gravitational wave events detected to date.

      Speaker: Dr Sascha Husa (Institute of Space Sciences (ICE) and University of the Balearic Islands (UIB))
    • 16:00 16:30
      Coffee Break 30m

      Coffee break at the ICE Patio

    • 16:30 17:30
      Debate about the BIG&C Meetings 1h

      We would like to have an open discussion about the future of the BIG&C meetings and the role they can have in articulating the Barcelona community working on these subjects.

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